Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMS)
Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMS)

What is an outcome measure?
An outcome measure is a tool which can be used to assess change in a patient’s health status or opinions over a period of time.  They can be used individually or in combination, and can provide information which is useful for patient management.

A variety of different outcome measures exist which differ in both content and application.  They have been classified generally into a range of different domains


  • Disease-specific  e.g. the Rotator Cuff-Quality Of Life (RC-QOL)
  • Population-specific  e.g. Child Health and Illness Profile – Child Edition (CHP-CE)
  • Dimension-specific  e.g. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)
  • Generic  e.g. SF-36
  • Individualised  e.g. Patient Generated Index
  • Summary items  e.g. UK General Lifestyle Survey questions about accidents
  • Utility measures  e.g. EuroQol

What types of outcome measure exist?
A range of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are commonly used in musculoskeletal practice.  Information concerning these PROMs is given below:
The Bournemouth questionnaire (BMQ)
The EuroQol (EQ5-D)
The Oswestry Disability questionnaire (ODQ)
The Roland Morris questionnaire (RMQ)
The Standard McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ) (Information coming soon)
The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ)
Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) (Information coming soon)
Global Health Question (Information coming soon)
Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9)
Likert Scale (Information coming soon)
Chronic Pain Grade (Information coming soon)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression questionnaire (HADS)

Information concerning additional outcome measures will be added in due course.

Further sources of information
Oxford University PROM database
IN-CAM Outcomes database

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